Simultaneous General Election 2024 (Pemilihan Umum (Pemilu) Serentak Tahun 2024) Towards Golden Indonesia Stamp Series Launching

Publisher, 29/11/2023

Simultaneous General Election 2024 (Pemilihan Umum (Pemilu) Serentak Tahun 2024) Towards Golden Indonesia Stamp Series Launching

The General Elections Commission (KPU), together with the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (Kemkominfo) and PT Pos Indonesia, issued the 2024 Simultaneous General Elections Towards a Golden Indonesia stamp series. There are three designs in this stamp series, namely: (1) Sura Sulu Mascot design; (2) KPU Building design with Political Party Flags; and (3) Purple Ink Dipped Little Finger design. The main theme of the three designs is election as a means of national integration. This theme is also expected as a joint commitment among election organizers, election participants, and election stakeholders in order to realize elections that are peaceful, democratic, and have integrity. This theme is motivated by the realization that elections are conflict arenas that are considered legitimate and legal in order to gain or maintain power. Differences in political choices are a necessity in democracy. However, these differences should not separate the nation.


The design of simultaneous elections in 2024 can be used as a means of national integration. This theme is also the hope and aspiration of the KPU in the 2024 simultaneous election, which will be held on Wednesday, February 14, 2024. At least, there are several factors contributing to the realization of elections as a means of national integration. First, in terms of organizers, the KPU ensures that the implementation of elections runs in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations. KPU, as an election organizer, is committed to working according to the applicable norms. Second, in terms of election participants, the factors that can realize elections as national integration are election participants who comply with regulations. The contestation process is followed according to regulations. Third, in terms of voters, citizens who already have the right to vote are expected to become sovereign voters, smart voters, by choosing based on rational considerations, not emotional or transactional ones.


(1) NARRATIVE OF THE SURA SULU MASCOT STAMP DESIGN


The KPU has chosen a pair of Bali Starlings as the mascot for the 2024 general election. The Bali Starling is a protected animal. Philosophically, the chirping of the Bali starling symbolizes the voice of the voters. The "youthful" facial expressions represent the 2024 general election voters, who will be dominated by young generation voters.


SURA and SULU are depicted sporting smiling faces with Indonesian flags on their cheeks and then wearing white shirts with the KPU logo in the center. The blue eye circles are characteristic of the Bali Starling. The 2024 General Election mascot, SURA SULU, is a pair (group) instead of a single character to emphasize the figure of male and female voters who have the same voting rights in the General Election.


SURA is depicted as a male figure; this name is an acronym for People’s Voice (Suara Rakyat) while SULU is depicted as a female figure, which is an acronym for Election’s Voice (Suara Pemilu). Furthermore, SURA holds a voting nail while the other hand holds up a purple little finger as a sign of having voted, and SULU holds a ballot while the other hand holds up a purple back finger, and there are eyelashes on her face. Furthermore, the mascot arrangement was stipulated in General Election Commission Decree Number 521 of 2022 concerning the determination of the mascot for the 2022 general election on December 14, 2022.

(2) NARRATIVE OF KPU BUILDING DESIGN WITH POLITICAL PARTY FLAGS


KPU is a government institution with duties and authorities regarding the implementation of elections, where various activities are centered in the KPU Building located at Jalan Imam Bonjol Number 29, Central Jakarta. The KPU Building is a silent witness to the political events of the Indonesian nation and is one of the historical buildings that still exist today. According to the Indonesian Architecture website, when it was first built, the building was the State Plantation Center Building (PPN), which played an important role in the early days of Indonesian independence as a forum for the union of a number of plantation and agricultural companies that were nationalized from Dutch companies. At that time, most of the state's income was obtained from the export of plantation products, which was far greater than the oil sector.


Before entering the construction stage, the design of the VAT Building was carried out by the Ingenieurs-Bureau Ingenegeren-Vrijburg (IBIV) engineering bureau, Bandung, with its founders, Ir AC Ingenegeren and GS Vrijburg, in 1936. Then, the construction of the PPN building was carried out by Ir P Tool, who worked with the Nedam contractor to make the foundation, while the construction and completion of the building were carried out by Hollandsche Beton Maatschappij (HBM). Finally, the construction of the building was completed on April 12, 1955. This building was designed by a Dutch architect named A.W. Gmelig Meyling. He worked as deputy director at the Ingeneren-Vrijburg NV (BIV) bureau in Bandung.


Meyling was arrested during the Japanese occupation, released after independence, and became an extraordinary professor at the Bandung Institute of Technology. Meyling's touch on the State Plantation Center Building is characterized by strong cubistic elements. The entire façade is designed with a louvre to prevent sunlight from entering the work spaces. The PPN building was the tallest building in Jakarta at the time, consisting of 4 floors, where each floor has a height of about 5 meters to anticipate hot weather factors. The VAT building was originally located on Nassau Boulevard, which later turned into Imam Bonjol Street in the 1950s.


The State Plantation Center (PPN) building then switched functions to become the General Election Board (LPU) office in 1987. The LPU had its office at Jalan Matraman Raya No. 40, East Jakarta. But the office in Matraman was no longer suitable to support the work of LPU staff. Therefore, the LPU had to move from Jl. Matraman Raya 40 to Jl. Imam Bonjol No. 29, the former PPN building.


The KPU Building was built in 1934, and in 2024, it is 90 years old and has the status of a cultural heritage building that is reviewed in terms of age 50 years or more, represents a style period of at least 50 years old, and has a special meaning for history and for strengthening the personality of the Indonesian nation. Since the functioning of the KPU Building in 1987 on Jalan Imam Bonjol, it has often been the center of attention of people related to elections. Since the reformation in 1998, political parties as election participants have been registered at the KPU, with the number of political parties changing in each election. In 2024, there will be 18 (eighteen) national political parties and 6 (six) local parties in Aceh Province. The flags of the national political parties in each election are displayed on the flagpole according to the number of political parties that qualify as election participants in the front yard of the KPU building. This is also to inform and socialize these political parties with the wider community. The graphic design image of the KPU building on the stamps was designed by KPU Public Relations personnel in 2023 by duplicating the actual conditions of the KPU building with 18 (eighteen) flags of political parties participating in the 2024 election.

(3) DESIGN NARRATIVE OF PURPLE INK-DIPED LITTLE FINGER STAMPS


The history of the finger dipped in ink comes from India. The use of this ink originated with the elections in India in 1962. This incident began in 1950, when India was experiencing problems during the elections and many voters used their voting rights twice. To avoid this happening again, the government urged voters to dip their fingers in ink during the 1962 third election. Furthermore, dipping a finger in ink was followed by 44 other countries in the world, including Indonesia.


The 1955 election was the first election in Indonesia during the Soekarno administration, which elected members of the DPR and Constituent Assembly. However, the election was the same as today but did not dip a finger in ink. The use of purple ink after voting was first applied in the 1999 post-reform elections. The event of dipping fingers into purple ink aims to keep the election running smoothly without cheating. Ink is used as a marker for using voting rights because the ink on the fingernails is difficult to remove. Until now, including in the 2024 Simultaneous Election, dipping the little finger into purple ink is still carried out with the provisions and arrangements set by the General Election Commission according to the KPU logo on the ink bottle.


Furthermore, in the image of the little finger, there is a map of the territory of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, which is one of the elements of the state, which is a unit of land area, inland waters, archipelagic waters, and territorial seas, along with the seabed and land beneath it, as well as the air space above it, including all sources of wealth contained therein.  In the territory of the Republic of Indonesia, from Sabang to Merauke and from Miangas to Rote Island, there are 38 provinces, 416 regencies, 98 cities, 1 administrative district, and 5 administrative cities. This condition illustrates that the implementation of Direct, General, Free, Secret, Honest and Fair Elections (LUBER JURDIL) will illustrate and have an impact on the progress of the welfare and quality of life of the people and the Indonesian nation throughout the territory of the Republic of Indonesia.


The portrait of the little finger with purple ink is proof that the voter has participated in using his voting rights in the general election. This is certainly an indication that someone has used their voting rights.